Ice diving is classed as an advanced type of diving as it entails being in an enclosed environment with only one point of entry and exit. It is known as penetration diving and is similar to underwater cave and shipwreck diving, which also have no immediate vertical ascent or access available to the surface.
There are inherent dangers involved with ice diving. Because divers submerge deep beneath the surface and do not have the luxury of a direct vertical ascent, safety precautions must be taken. Having knowledge of the different types of ice and how it is formed is of paramount importance. It is also essential that all ice divers are able to identify and avoid unsafe ice conditions, know how to safely prepare a dive site, and can effectively use all necessary special equipment.
Training is essential as ice divers can frequently be exposed to elements outside of their control. Every ice diver must know what to do when faced with an underwater emergency. All divers are trained to a very high standard to ensure they will know exactly how to react should their air tank freeze, or their weight belt becomes unattached while underwater.
Most divers enjoy ice diving without incident, but sometimes, accidents do happen. Unfortunately, air tanks do freeze underwater, and weight belts do become unattached. However, with the correct training and certification, divers can safely deal with any eventuality and enjoy an underwater adventure which really is out of this world. Ice diving can be a fantastic part of a North Pole holiday.